Diwali also known as deepawali as the festivals of light. The festival spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over bullhead, good over evil, and hope over despair. Before Diwali night, people clean, and decorate their homes. ON DIWALI, Hindus dress up in new clothes, light up diyas inside and outside their house participate in family pooja to Lakshmi – the goodness of wealth. Diwali also marks a major shopping period in nations where it is celebrate. Diwali is an important festival for Hindus. Diwali night falls between mid-October and mid–November.
On the same night that Hindus celebrate Diwali, Janis people celebrate a festival of lights to mark the attainment of moksha by Mahavira, and Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas. Diwali is an official holiday all over India, Srilanka, Nepal, Guyana, Myammar, Malayisa and Singapore.
Significance: Diwali is one of the happiest of holidays in India. The celebration of Diwali as the “festival of good over evil” refers to the light of higher knowledge dispelling all ignorance. Diwali is the celebration of this Inner Light over spiritual darkness, knowledge over bullhead, right over wrong, good over evil.
Hindu Religious Significance: The religious significance of Diwali varies regionally within India, depending on the school of Hindu philosophy. Diwali honouring the return of the lord Rama, his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana from deportation, as told in the ancient Hindu chronicle called the Ramayana. Many other Hindus believe Diwali is linked to the celebration of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and wife of god Vishnu. The night of Diwali is the day Lakshmi chose Vishnu as her husband and then married him. Some Hindus offer pujas to additional god such as Kali, Ganesha, Saraswati, and Kubera. In India’s eastern region, such as West Bangal, Lakshmi is not worshipped, only deity Kali is worshipped and the festival is called Kali Puja. In West, South and certain Northern parts of India, the festival of Diwali marks the start of a new Hindu year. Along with Goddess Lakshmi, offerings are made to Ganesha.
Description and Celebration: Diwali is a five day festival in many regions of India, with Diwali night centering on the new moon. Diwali is also a festival of sounds and sights with fireworks and rangoli designs; the festival is a major celebration. Indian festival Diwali begins days or weeks in advance. The festival formally begins two days before the night of Diwali, and ends two days after. Each day has the following celebration and significance.
Fair: The festivals of Diwali, fairs are held throughout India. Girls and women dress attractively during the festival. They wear colourful clothing and new jewellery, and their hands are decorated with beautiful design. Fairs are found in many towns and villages. A fair generally becomes a market day in the countryside when farmers buy and sell produce, and rural families shop for clothes. Fairs are very important for every festival. The village fair is very interesting for children, men and women and old people.